Type 2 diabetes is characterised by difficulties getting enough glucose into the cells. When sugar cannot reach its intended location, blood sugar levels rise. It can cause complications like kidney, nerve, eye damage and cardiovascular disease.
Complex carbs such as brown rice, whole wheat, quinoa, oatmeal, fruits, vegetables, beans, and lentils are among the top foods for a type 2 diabetic diet. Simple carbohydrates that are processed, such as sugar, pasta, white bread, flour, cookies, and pastries, are foods that should be avoided.
Type 2 diabetes; what can I eat
For people with diabetes, foods with a low glycemic load (index) are preferable because they only mildly raise blood sugar levels. Good glycemic management can aid in reducing the risk of type 2 diabetes long-term complications.
The diabetes superfood is beans. The American Diabetes Association recommends adding dried beans or no-sodium canned beans to multiple weekly meals for those with diabetes. Compared to many other starchy foods, they have a low glycemic index and can help better control blood sugar levels.
Although beans have carbs, a half cup of them has the same amount of protein as an ounce of meat without the saturated fat. You can use canned beans to save time, but be sure to drain and rinse them first to get rid of as much salt as you can.
Berries, such as strawberries, blueberries, blackberries, and raspberries, are rich in vitamins, fiber, and antioxidants and have a low glycemic index.
Green leafy vegetables
Including green and leafy vegetables in your diet may also help to regulate blood sugar levels.
Spinach is a beautiful non-starchy vegetable that is suitable for people with diabetes. Additionally, spinach has a significant amount of fiber, which inhibits an increase in blood sugar levels. Furthermore, spinach has a shallow glycemic index. It is also thought that the high quantities of polyphenols and vitamin C, both of which have antioxidant qualities, help to control blood sugar levels.
The high fiber content of cabbage may help people with diabetes maintain stable blood sugar levels. Before cooking, make sure to wash the leaves thoroughly.
Kale and other high-fiber vegetables might make you feel full because they take the longest to digest. This guarantees that it won’t be metabolized fast and won’t raise blood sugar levels. They can be enjoyed in salads, stews, and broths.
Citrus fruits are among the Diabetes superfoods recommended by the American Diabetes Association. Citrus fruits like oranges, grapefruits, and lemons are rich in fiber, vitamin C, folate, and potassium, according to the association, which would be beneficial to a balanced diabetic diet plan.
Omega-3 fatty acid-rich fish
Salmon is a fantastic seafood option for those with type 2 diabetes because it contains a lot of omega-3 fatty acids, which are “good” fats that can lower your chance of developing common diabetes-related problems, including heart disease, heart failure, and stroke.
Yogurt is a nutritious food that is high in protein, calcium, potassium, and vitamin D. Yogurt containing probiotics may be especially helpful for those who have type 2 diabetes, according to research.
The majority of dairy products have a low GI (GI). They are therefore perfect for people with diabetes. Before making a purchase, read the labels to get the most out of your yogurt. Pick a yogurt with live, active cultures if you want the probiotics to have a positive effect on your digestive system.
According to studies, eating almonds, cashews, and other nuts five times per week can improve heart health. If you have this diabetes, regularly exercising and monitoring your blood sugar may be just as crucial for your long-term health as eating nuts five days a week.
Research demonstrates that whole-grain diets are linked to a lower risk of heart disease, stroke, and type 2 diabetes because they contain various healthy nutrients. Choosing whole grains over refined grains can help people with diabetes maintain optimal blood sugar levels.
Type 2 diabetes food you should avoid:
You should avoid following foods:
- High-fat meat (fatty pork, dark meat chicken, beef, and lamb)
- Whole-fat dairy (whole milk, butter, cheese, sour cream)
- Sweets (candy, cookies, ice cream and desserts)
- Sweetened beverages (juice, sports drinks and sweet tea)
- Sweeteners (table sugar, brown sugar and honey)
- Packaged foods/ processed foods (chips, microwave popcorn and processed meat)
- Trans fatty acids (fried foods, dairy-free coffee creamers and hydrogenated oil)
Generally Asked Questions
|Is type 2 diabetes curable?
|Although there is no cure for type 2 diabetes, you can manage the condition by decreasing weight, eating healthier diet, and exercising. You may also require diabetic drugs or insulin therapy to control your blood sugar if diet and exercise are insufficient.
|What is the type 2 diabetes management?
|You might need medication if you have type 2 diabetes to help control your blood sugar levels. There are many other kinds of medications, however metformin is the most popular one. Sulphonylureas are one type of medicine that stimulates the pancreas to make insulin. If necessary, you can be prescribed some others to aid in your weight loss.
|What is the type 2 diabetes sugar level?
|In type 2, your pancreas produces insufficient insulin, and the insulin that does get produced isn’t always effective. Both are kinds of diabetes mellitus, which results in hyperglycemia (high blood sugar).
|How type 2 diabetes is diagnosed?
|You should aim to keep your blood sugar levels as close to a target as possible. Typical targets include these: 80 to 130 mg/dL before a meal. Less than 180mg/dl two hours after the beginning of a meal.
|Type 2 diabetes on insulin
|Insulin is produced by people with type 2 diabetes, but their cells don’t use it as effectively as they could. Your pancreas initially produces more insulin in an effort to get glucose into your cells. But ultimately it can’t keep up, and your blood starts to become thick with glucose.
|Type 2 diabetes injection
|For individuals with type 2 diabetes, Trulicity is a once-weekly injectable prescription medication that lowers blood sugar (glucose) (mellitus). Along with diet and exercise, it should be used.