According to World Health Organization WHO approximately 3.8 percent of the world’s population suffers from depression, with 5.0 percent of adults and 5.7 percent of persons over 60 years of age being affected. Around 280 million individuals worldwide suffer from depression. Depression is distinct from common mood swings and transient emotional reactions to problems in daily life. Depression may develop into a significant medical illness, especially if it is recurrent and of moderate to a severe degree. The affected person may experience severe signs and perform poorly at work, school, and family. Suicide can result from depression at its worst. Every year, around 700,000 people die by suicide. For people aged from 15 to 29, suicide is the fourth most common cause of death.
Depression UK Statistics
One in six persons in the UK are affected by depression, one of the most common mental health conditions. It is linked to various mental health conditions such as anxiety stress, and loneliness.
According to research, women are twice as likely as males to suffer from depression. However, 15% of women receive depression treatment, compared to 9% of males.
Depression rates in the UK are still much higher than they were before the COVID outbreak. In the summer of 2021, almost 17% of adults in the UK reported having some type of depression, up from about 10% prior to the pandemic.
Depression and its Types
- It is a mood disorder that differs from normal, fleeting sadness, a clinical condition with a severe and considerable impact on daily life and accompanying symptoms, significantly different from normality.
- Depression is a condition characterized by a deteriorated mood, an essential symptomatology. There are also negative emotions, offensive humor, anxiety, panic attacks, deterioration of different psychic abilities and cognitive abilities, propensity for loneliness, demotivation, apathy, inability to appreciate things, trouble moving, and negative emotions, including potential delusions in some circumstances. Following are the major types of depression:
- Major Depressive disorder
- Persistent Depressive disorder
- Bipolar Disorder
- Psychotic depression
- Postpartum Depression
- Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder
- Seasonal Affective Disorder
- Atypical Depression
Depression goes beyond simply being down or having a terrible day. You may be suffering from depression if a depressed mood persists for a prolonged period of time and interferes with daily activities. Depression symptoms include:
- Feeling depressed or anxious frequently or constantly
- Not wanting to engage in previously enjoyable activities
- Feeling easily aggravated, angry, or restless
- Having issues sleeping or staying asleep
- Sleeping excessively or waking up too early
- Eating more or less than usual, or not being really hungry
- Aches, pains, headaches, or gastrointestinal issues that don’t get better with treatment
- Unable to focus, remember specifics, or decide what to do
- Despite getting good sleep, you still feel exhausted
- Feeling useless, guilty, or powerless
- Considering harming or killing oneself
|For information about support groups and treatment centres in your region, call the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) National Helpline at 1-800-662-4357 if you or a loved one is experiencing depression.
What Signs and Symptoms of Depression Do Women Present?
Women who experience depression may have the following symptoms:
- Persistently depressed, worried, or empty feeling
- Loss of enjoyment or interest in activities,
- Anger, irritability, or excessive sobbing
- Guilty, unworthy, powerless, hopeless, and pessimistic emotions
- Excessive or little sleep, early morning awakening
- Appetite, weight loss, or weight gain due to overeating
- Lessening energy, feeling “slowed down,” and weariness
- Suicidal ideas, suicide attempts, or death thoughts
- Difficulty paying attention, remembering things, or making decisions
- Persistent physical complaints that don’t go away despite treatment, like migraines, gastrointestinal issues, and chronic discomfort
An essential component of evidence-based practise is careful assessment. Initial evaluations of depressed symptoms can assist in identifying potential treatment choices, and ongoing evaluations can direct care and monitor improvement.
Do you know about Depression NHS Test?
This depression and anxiety self-assessment test might help you, if you’re 16 or older, gain a better understanding of how you’ve been feeling lately.
Consider how you’ve been feeling over the past two weeks as you answer each question.
An evaluation of depression includes all history, physical examination and mental health assessment. It involves investigation of social, interpersonal, and functional concerns, psychiatric history that details previous bouts of depression or mood elevation, the patient’s reaction to prior therapy, and the presence of any co-occurring mental health issues. Regular assessments of suicidal intent are necessary.
Health care providers may prescribe antidepressant drugs like selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) in addition to psychological therapies like behavioral activation, cognitive behavioral therapy, and interpersonal psychotherapy depending on the severity and pattern of depressive episodes. Bipolar disorder is treated with several drugs. Individual or group face-to-face psychological therapies provided by trained professionals and under the supervision of therapists are among the several psychological therapy modalities to be considered. For mild depression, antidepressants are not usually the first course of treatment. They should not be used as the first line of treatment for depression in teenagers, and they should be considered with additional caution when treating depression in youngsters.
Depression Online Test
One of the top mental health service providers in the UK is Clinical Partners, which collaborates with the NHS and the private sector to enable individuals and families dealing with mental and emotional challenges receive the treatment they require.
Psychological treatment for depression
Talking therapies, usually referred to as psychological treatments, can assist you in altering your thought processes and enhancing your coping mechanisms, so you are better able to handle the stresses and tensions of daily life. Psychological therapy can aid in both your recovery and maintenance of that recovery by identifying and modifying problematic attitudes and behaviors.
There are numerous successful psychological depression therapies available, along with a variety of delivery methods. E-therapies, often known as online programs, are becoming more prevalent. Some of the effective psychotherapies for depression includes:
- Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT)
- Dialectical Behavior Therapy
- Interpersonal therapy (IP)
- Mindfulness -based cognitive therapy
- Psychodynamic therapy